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SAP Vulnerability Management

Why do you need SAP Vulnerability Management?

With every new security breach the number of managers concerned about cyber-security rises. Today everybody has to ask themselves a question. So, there is a question to be answered: “Do my security controls keep pace with attacks?” In fact, being secured is quite similar to being healthy. There are no guarantees you won’t get ill, but you definitely won’t unexpectedly pass away if you identify an issue at the right time.

Regular check-ups and stress-tests are as crucial for SAP systems as for people.

What to start with?

What can be done in this situation? There are many ways for you to start:

  • 1. Conduct SAP security auditing to get a clear insight into current security posture.
  • 2. Engage in SAP penetration project to ensure your security controls work.
  • 3. Implement ERPScan Security Monitoring Suite for SAP to be able to constantly monitor security of your SAP systems.

Regardless of which way you decided to follow, you will get a list of security issues. Your second step is quite obvious – learn from the results and start a continuous improvement cycle: learning business context, prioritizing remediating activities and tracking effectiveness.

This continuous process of security monitoring, identifying, evaluating and mitigating vulnerabilities is called SAP Vulnerability Management. That is what you need to gain visibility into SAP security and technical compliance.

“Enterprises that implement a vulnerability management process will experience 90 percent fewer successful attacks …” Gartner


The major challenges of SAP Vulnerability Management implementation are:

  • lack of communication;
  • large number of assets;
  • constant stream of vulnerabilities;
  • lack of accountability;
  • and insufficient security awareness.

You know, the way it works. A security analyst runs a vulnerability scanner and throws pages of the report over the office panel to system administrators, SAP BASIS team, Access Control team or ABAP developers. Some patches are missed, some don’t fix issues, or there is just no time to get to them. Vulnerabilities may stay unpatched forever.

CISO is left wondering about meaning of those vulnerabilities to business risk, completeness of scanning coverage and ability of the team to ensure protection. CIO is puzzled by the peculiarities of patches for SAP platform and CXO’s are still uncertain whether it was worth the efforts at all.


A solution to the problem is quite simple. If there is a lot of involved parties, activities are resource and time consuming, and you are responsible for the end result but can’t direct all the actors, you need a business process. This will let you orchestrate work of the actors with the intended end result: provide assurance to stakeholders that in the scope the SAP systems meet the target security level.

Implementing SAP Vulnerability Management in partnership with ERPScan’s Professional Services Team will enable you to get the most out of ERPScan Security Monitoring Suite for SAP, establish a continuous improvement cycle of ERP security and give a clear picture of SAP security to the board.

What is SAP Vulnerability Management?

Putting it in a nutshell, Vulnerability Management is a process of proactive security risk management through the combination of business context, vulnerability assessment results and uniting cross-boundary process.

SAP Vulnerability Management process consists of the following phases and activities:


a. Identify and prioritize assets. Develop a scanning schedule and get an approval

b. Scan assets for vulnerabilities


a. Rank findings according to risk

b. Prioritize detected issues

c. Recommend remediation measures


a. Respond to critical issues

b. Develop a remediation plan

c. Apply this remediation plan

d. Verify remediation


a. Deliver custom reports

b. Demonstrate compliance

c. Report efficiency

How do we implement SAP Vulnerability Management?

Enterprises differ in their ability to adapt, maturity of IT processes and budget. But we believe, that once you have internalized the idea of end-to-end process of SAP Vulnerability Management, you can master the capability to control SAP security risks, originated from vulnerabilities.

The typical implementation process of SAP Vulnerability Management includes following activities:


Eliciting requirements to the process (legal, business, and compliance)

Designing the process structure, roles, interfaces, KPI’s


Assets identification and vulnerability assessment scheduling

Monitoring vulnerabilities


Analyzing and prioritizing vulnerability remediation

Testing and deploying vulnerability remediation


Verifying remediation

As a result, you will adopt the process of continuous monitoring and improving the security of SAP systems. Each of the tasks could be outsourced and tracked efficiently.

Furthermore, SAP Vulnerability Management implementation serves Compliance Management, as a source of findings to show evidence of fulfilling compliance requirements.


As an outcome, you will have a documented and implemented process of SAP Vulnerability Management. It can be performed either on your own, or some tasks may be outsourced.

The process will be described in > SAP Vulnerability Management process description, which includes definition of the process roles and their responsibilities, description of business activities and tasks, KPI’s and SLA’s.

During the execution, the process will deliver following results:

  • Scan Profiles: list of security checks related to applicable information security standards and regulations.
  • Scan Plan: List of assets and times at which vulnerability scans should be performed.
  • Remediation Plan: Description of SAP landscape, threat map, recommended remediation measures and action plans for every SAP system.
  • Executive Report: Report on performance > SAP Vulnerability Management: security, compliance and remediation metrics.

This adaptive approach will help building your Security Team’s capabilities, which are crucial to maintain reliability and trustworthiness of SAP system.

You will finally provide assurance to all stakeholders that SAP systems meet the target security level: vulnerability risk is under control; technical compliance is ensured, and Security Team stays current on security threats.

This will give you a competitive advantage and put you ahead of most enterprises worldwide.

Interested? Request demo now

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